Eye Conditions & Vision Disorders
- Senior Eye Health
- Abnormal Facial Movements
- Pink Eye
- Myopia (Nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (Farsightedness)
The viral type is often associated with an upper respiratory tract infection, cold, or sore throat. The allergic type occurs more frequently among those with allergic conditions. When related to allergies, the symptoms are often seasonal. Allergic conjunctivitis may also be caused by intolerance to substances such as cosmetics, perfume, or drugs. Bacterial conjunctivitis is often caused by bacteria such as staphylococcus and streptococcus. The severity of the infection depends on the type of bacteria involved.
To avoid spreading infection, take these simple steps:
Avoid touching the face
Although presbyopia is not completely understood, it is thought that the lens and its supporting structures lose the ability to make the lens longer during close vision effort. To compensate, affected individuals usually find that holding reading material further away makes the image clearer. Ultimately, aids such as reading glasses are typically needed by the mid-forties.
Blepharospasm is thought to be caused by altered activity in part of the brain called the basal ganglia, while hemifacial spasm may result from a blood vessel or another structure in the brain pressing on the facial nerve (the nerve allowing for facial muscle movement).
People with blepharospasm describe having trouble keeping their eyes open. Affected individuals may also note excessive uncontrolled blinking. Similarly, patients with hemifacial spasm notice one sided tics involving the cheek or corner of the mouth.
Treatment of abnormal facial movements may involve medical therapies and/or botulinum toxin (BOTOX®) injections. Rarely, eyelid surgery or neurosurgery will be needed to reduce the spasms.
People with strabismus may note double vision or may not have any visual concerns. Treatment for strabismus depends on the type and may include glasses, prism lenses and/or surgery.
A thorough eye exam is necessary to determine the type of strabismus present and evaluate for any potential loss of vision. Children are especially vulnerable to vision loss from strabismus and should have a prompt eye exam as soon as the strabismus is detected.
Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, corneal relaxing incisions, laser vision correction, and special implant lenses.
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